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Wetland Evaluation and Delineation Program

Common Plant Communities in South Florida
 

Wetlands

Cypress domes and strands found throughout the area, Public access can be found in Fakahatchee Strand State Preserve, Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary (contains a boardwalk through the strand) and Big Cypress National Preserve.

Hydric Hammock - found throughout the area, good examples in Charlotte and Lee Counties; Myakka River State park.

Hydric pine flatwoods found throughout the area, good examples are found in the Cecil Webb/Babcock wildlife management area.

Savanna, wet prairie Cecil Webb/Babcock wildlife management contains wet praries/depression marshes associated with pine flatwoods and hydric pine flatwoods. The Big Cypress and Everglades have "marl" prairies and freshwater marsh; extensive areas of freshwater marsh are found in Collier and Monroe Counties. Public access can be found in Fakahatchee Strand State Preserve and Big Cypress National Preserve.

Bayhead common in Highlands and Glades counties.

Seepage slope/bog found primarily along the slopes of the Lake Wales Ridge, Highlands County.

Floodplain forest/marsh along streams and rivers. Good examples can be found in the Myakka River State park.

Depression marsh and Freshwater marsh this grouping includes all freshwater marshes that are dominated by herbaceous plants. Freshwater marsh in general includes savannas and wet prairies as well as the sawgrass dominated areas of the Everglades. Public access can be found in Fakahatchee Strand State Preserve, Everglades National Park, and Big Cypress National Preserve.

Lakeshore marsh/swamp Associated with large lakes, throughout.

Salt marsh common in coastal areas, along the southwest coast of Florida often mixed with mangroves, numerous examples associated with Charlotte Harbor. See the our webpage for an illustrated guide to salt marsh plants in south Florida.

Mangrove swamp Coastal counties, extensive areas in Collier and Monroe Counties. Public access can be found in numerous areas, examples such as J N Darling National Wildlife Refuge and Rookery Bay National Estuarine Sanctuary are well known for their bird watching opportunities. See the our webpage for an illustrated guide to mangroves and associated plants in south Florida.

Uplands

Sandhill - Lake Wales Ridge Highlands County, most of sandhills in south Florida have been converted to citrus groves.

Scrub scrub in the interior of Florida is usually associated with the Lake Wales Ridge, in south Florida this occurs north of Lake Okeechobee, most of this have been converted into citrus groves. Look for scrub in Highlands County, north.

Coastal scub - is floristically related to the scrub associated with the Lake Wales Ridge. In south Florida much of the coastal scrub has been replaced by beach development.

Xeric Hammock - Lake Wales Ridge - Highlands County, most of this in south Florida has been converted to citrus groves.

Coastal Hammock - found landward of the dunes in coastal counties, scattered remnants remain.

Beach dune - coastal counties, scattered remnants remain.

Pine flatwoods Throughout. Public access to flatwoods can be found in the following areas: Myakka River State park and the Cecil Webb/Babcock wildlife management area (Charlotte County).


 

Last updated: September 21, 2011

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