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Wetland Evaluation and Delineation Program

Wetland Communities - Hydric Pine Flatwoods

Hydric Pine Flatwoods are forests with a canopy of slash pine (Pinus elliottii) or pond pine (Pinus serotina) on flat, poorly drained land. Where fires are frequent, the subcanopy is sparse or absent and the groundcover is a diverse mix of grasses and herbs—a wet prairie with pines. Common groundcover plants include wiregrass (Aristida stricta), yellow-eyed grass (Xyris spp.), meadow-beauty (Rhexia spp.), bog-buttons (Eriocaulaceae), and carnivores like pitcher plants (Sarracenia spp.), sundews (Drosera spp.), and butterworts (Pinguicula spp.). Saw palmetto (Serenoa repens) is patchy or absent. Where fire has been suppressed, shrubs and trees like titi (Cyrilla racemiflora and Cliftonia monophylla), gallberry (Ilex glabra), big gallberry (Ilex coriacea), myrtle-leaved holly (Ilex myrtifolia), sweet bay (Magnolia virginiana), black gum (Nyssa sylvatica var. biflora) and swamp bay (Persea palustris) become dense and the groundcover disappears. Dense tangles of laurel-leaved greenbriar (Smilax laurifolia) often drape these shrubs. The longer fire is excluded, the more these flatwoods approach bay swamps. Hydric pine flatwoods are common throughout the lower parts of the panhandle, especially near the coast, and are absent in the higher clayey land toward the Georgia and Alabama lines.

Typical Trees Include

Botanical Latin Common Name Wetland Status
Pinus elliottii slash pine UPL
Pinus serotina pond pine FACW
Cliftonia monophylla buckwheat-tree FACW
Cyrilla racemiflora swamp cyrilla FAC
Magnolia virginiana sweetbay OBL
Nyssa sylv. var. biflora swamp tupelo OBL
Persea palustris swamp bay OBL
Ilex myrtifolia myrtle holly OBL


Typical Shrubs Include

Botanical Latin Common Name Wetland Status
Ilex glabra gallberry UPL
Ilex coriacea bay-gall holly FACW
Myrica cerifera southern bayberry FAC
Myrica heterophylla evergreen bayberry FACW
Serenoa repens saw palmetto UPL


Typical Herbs and Vines Include

Botanical Latin Common Name Wetland Status
Aristida stricta wiregrass FAC
Calamovilfa curtissii Curtiss' reed grass FACW
Smilax laurifolia laurel greenbrier vine
Rhynchospora sp. beakrush  
Rhexia sp. meadow-beauty  
Eriocaulon sp. pipewort OBL
Lachnocaulon sp. lachnocaulon  
Sarracenia sp. pitcher-plant OBL
Xyris sp. yellow-eyed grass  
Scleria sp. nutrush FACW
Drosera sp. sundew  
Pinguicula sp. butterwort OBL
Lilium catesbaei southern red lily FAC
Liatris spicata spiked gayfeather FAC
Sabatia sp. rose-gentian  
Anthaenantia rufa purple silky-scale FACW

Last updated: June 30, 2015

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