Florida Water Plan
Chapter 373.036, Florida
Florida Administrative Code require the Department to develop a Florida Water Plan
containing these elements:
- The Water Resource Implementation Rule (Chapter 62-40, F.A.C.), including the goals,
objectives, and guidance for the development and review of programs, rules, and plans relating
to water resources, based on statutory policies and directives;
- Programs and activities
of the department related to water supply, water quality, flood
protection and floodplain management, and natural systems;
Water quality standards of the department;
- Water Management District water management plans or strategic plans; and
- District performance measures.
The Florida Water Plan is made available below and updated annually.
Water Resource Implementation Rule, Goals, Objectives and Guidance
Chapter 62-40, F.A.C., known as the “Water Resource Implementation Rule,”
provides water resource implementation goals, objectives, and guidance for
the development and review of programs, rules, and plans relating to water
resources, based on statutory policies and directives in Chapters 373 and 403,
water management districts (WMDs) are responsible for adopting rules consistent with Chapter 62-40, F.A.C. DEP’s Office of Water Policy reviews new and amended WMD rules to ensure that they are consistent with the policies expressed in DEP’s rule. In addition, the Department provides guidance to the districts in
WMD Policy Documents.
Water Programs and Activities
Both DEP and the water management districts conduct
water resource protection programs and activities that complement each other in four areas of responsibility: Water Supply, Water Quality, Flood
Protection and Floodplain Management, and Natural Systems. Each of those is explored below.
Water Supply involves providing sufficient water for both people and the environment. For most Floridians, potable water comes from underground aquifers, and these sources are becoming increasingly limited. DEP has three major water supply
The water management districts implement their water supply responsibilities through their
water supply planning, water use permitting, and water conservation
programs. The districts also provide funding assistance for water supply projects. These projects help create additional water supplies in areas
where water resources are limited. Information on alternative water supply (nontraditional water sources) programs can be found in each district’s
Consolidated Annual Report and information on cooperative funding opportunities can be found on most district websites.
- Source and Drinking Water Program – This program regulates public water systems in Florida.
- State Revolving Fund – This program provides low-interest loans to eligible entities for planning, designing, and constructing public water facilities.
- Water Reuse Program – This program actively promotes the reuse of reclaimed water. Using reclaimed water stretches Florida’s potable water supplies by reusing highly treated wastewater for non-potable purposes, such as landscape irrigation.
- Water Quality addresses the suitability of water for a particular use based on selected physical, chemical, and biological
characteristics. Federal and state guidelines set water quality standards based on the water's intended use, whether it is for recreation,
fishing, drinking, navigation, shellfish harvesting, or agriculture. Monitoring, improving, and maintaining the quality of Florida’s waters
is essential to sustaining the quality of life that Floridians enjoy. The Department has a number of water quality-related programs:
The water management districts also have water quality protection and restoration responsibilities. District water quality monitoring programs involve the collection, interpretation, and management of water quality data within their jurisdictions. These data are available to other agencies and the public. District programs that focus on water quality improvement include regulating stormwater runoff from land development, using stormwater treatment areas to remove excess nutrients and other pollutants, implementing various other stormwater improvement projects, restoring habitats that naturally filter water, plugging abandoned wells, and administering well construction programs.
- Watershed Management Program – This program is responsible
for the implementation of a wide variety of smaller programs that help protect, manage, or restore Florida’s surface and ground waters.
Working with state and local agencies, the private sector, and citizens, the program coordinates the collection, interpretation, and
management of water quality data; develops watershed-based aquatic resource goals and pollutant loading limits for individual water bodies;
and develops and implements management action plans to preserve or restore water bodies.
- Stormwater Programs – These programs involve both managing stormwater and regulating activities that alter surface water flows. The programs include NPDES stormwater permitting, nonpoint source management, and environmental resource permitting.
- Wastewater Program – This program regulates the billions of gallons of wastewater produced in Florida each day that are discharged to surface and ground waters. DEP’s wastewater program is responsible for developing statewide policy and for permitting, compliance, and enforcement of both domestic and industrial wastewater treatment facilities and their discharges.
- Ground Water Program – Responsibility for ground water is distributed throughout DEP, but ground water quality on a regional scale is addressed in two programs. The Ground Water Management Program is responsible for evaluating and addressing ground water resources that adversely affect surface water quality as part of the Department’s Watershed Management Program. The Aquifer Protection Program prevents ground water contamination through several regulatory programs including underground injection control, ground water protection, well construction and permitting, wellhead protection, and source water assessment and protection.
- Water Quality Standards Program – This program administers the Department’s quality assurance and water quality standards programs, and provides technical support in the ecological aspects of water quality science to other DEP programs.
- Flood Management involves both flood protection and floodplain management. The
water management districts have the primary responsibility for floodplain management, which involves not only preventing damage from flooding, but also preserving and restoring the beneficial values of natural floodplains such as fish and wildlife habitat, nutrient absorption, and water storage. Some areas of the state are protected from flooding by WMD-operated control structures such as locks, spillways, pump stations, levees, and canals. In other areas, the flood storage capacity of natural floodplains is protected.
Natural Systems Protection involves preserving, protecting and restoring water-dependent natural systems such as lakes, streams, wetlands, marshes, floodplains, and estuaries. These systems provide fish and wildlife habitat, natural flood control, water quality improvement, climate moderation, erosion control, recreation, and scenic value. DEP’s management activities include land acquisition and restoration; regulation of dredging, filling and other land alterations; and regulation of mining activities, among others. DEP has several natural systems-related programs:
Complementing these DEP programs, each water management district implements a
Minimum Flows and Levels (MFLs) Program to ensure that water withdrawals for human use do not adversely affect Florida’s water-dependent natural systems. Districts adopt MFLs for aquifers, lakes, rivers, estuaries, springs, and wetlands. They apply MFLs in their water use permitting programs to ensure that withdrawals do not cause significant harm to water resources or the environment.
- Beaches and Coastal Systems – This bureau conducts activities affecting Florida’s beach and coastal systems and sovereign submerged lands. Activities include determining shoreline conditions and trends, restoring and managing critically eroded beaches, and safeguarding beach and dune systems from imprudent development.
- Everglades Restoration – The Office of Ecosystem Projects plays a key role in carrying out the largest environmental restoration project in the world – restoring America’s Everglades. The office implements DEP’s policy, programmatic, and regulatory responsibilities under the Everglades Forever Act, the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan, the Northern Everglades and Estuaries Protection Program, and other related efforts.
- Submerged Lands and Environmental Resources Coordination Program – This program addresses dredging, filling and construction in wetlands. The Office also ensures that activities in uplands, wetlands or other surface waters do not degrade water quality or the habitat for wetland-dependent wildlife.
Office – This office manages 41 aquatic preserves and, in coordination with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), three National Estuarine Research Reserves and the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary.
- Mining, Mitigation and Delineation – This program includes coordination of the different entities responsible for dam safety in Florida, including the Department, the water management districts, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, local governments, and private dam owners. This program is also responsible for the protection of water resources during mining and while reclaiming mined lands.
Water Quality Standards
The Department uses water quality standards to measure and protect the conditions and characteristics of Florida’s waters. DEP’s
Division of Water Resource Management and Division of Environmental Assessment &
Restoration establish the technical basis for setting the state’s water quality standards. These include both
surface water quality
ground water quality
District Water Management Plans/Strategic Plans
As initially developed,
District Water Management Plans
(DWMPs) were long-term plans encompassing all programs within a water management
district’s four areas of responsibility (water supply, water quality, flood
protection and floodplain management, and natural systems protection).
Typically, these plans covered a 20-year planning period. In recent years, the
water management districts moved to a more operational planning approach by
using strategic plans, rather than DWMPs, to manage their programs pursuant to
section 373.036(2)(e), F.S.
District Strategic Plans cover a shorter time period, typically three to five years, and are directly linked to a water management district’s budget. Because they cover a shorter time period, strategic plans provide more flexibility in responding to changing environmental and economic conditions within a district.
District Performance Measures
In fiscal year 2011-2012, DEP, along with the five water management districts,
developed the first set of performance measures. Included for this Florida Water
Plan are the metrics regarding water supply and natural systems. The Water Management
District Annual Performance Metrics reported below are for the quarter ending September
30, 2016 for Fiscal Year 2015-16 (October 2015 – September 2016). These Performance
Metrics are presented solely for web publication purposes.
The chart below shows a district-wide percentage of increase in public supply demand
from 2010-2030 that has not been met. This is calculated by taking the quantity of public
supply demand met by all water projects and dividing it by the 2010-2030 increase in demand
(mgd) from the districts’ Regional Water Supply Plans (RWSPs). The purpose of this metric is
to estimate how close a district, and in turn, the state is to meeting the 2030 demand projection,
and to identify any districts where projected water availability is insufficient so that
interventions can begin.
The following chart shows the uniform residential per capita water use (public supply) by district (gallons per capita per day). This
is calculated by taking the utility service area finished water used by dwelling units and dividing that by the utility service area residential
population. The purpose of this metric is to separate out the residential portion of public supply usage and identify trends.
The chart below shows the number of adopted minimum flows and minimum water levels (MFLs) and reservations by water body type. This does
not include restricted allocation areas or other similar area types. The purpose of this metric is to graphically represent each districts’
current progress on establishing MFLs.
The below chart shows the percentage of water bodies meeting their adopted MFLs. The purpose of this metric is to examine trends showing
a district’s progress in meeting their established MFLs.