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Domestic Wastewater to Wetlands Program
BCUD's Viera Wetlands

 

Viera Wetlands DiagramLocated near Melborne, Florida, the Viera Wetlands are a popular site for birders, photographers, and eco-tourists.

Brevard County operates a 5.5 MGD Bardenpho activated sludge advanced wastewater treatment plant, consisting of anaerobic tanks, anoxic tanks, extended oxidation ditches, re-aeration tanks and chlarifyers with return activated sludge. The constructed wetland system further polishes reclaimed water for on-site irrigation or overflow into the adjacent Four-mile Canal. The capacity of the wetland is 2.5 MGD with influent characteristics of 0.3 mg/L of Total Phosphourus and 3.0 mg/L Total Nitrogen. The wetlands reduce the Total Phosphourous down to around 0.10 mg/L.

The wetlands consist of 200 acres divided into four cells of approximately 35 acres each, plus a central lake. (View larger, printable map - pdf) The cells were designed to maintain differing depths of water, supporting a diversity of wetland species. Cells 1 and 2 were planted with Fragrant Water Lily, Giant and Soft Stem Bulrushes, and Spatterdock. Cells 3 and 4 were planted with a wider variety such as Arrowhead, Blue Flag, Bushy Pondweed, Coontail, Duck Potato, Fire Flag, Pickerelweed, Sawgrass, Spikerush, Soft-Stem Bulrush and Wild Rice. The edges of the central lake hold Sawgrass, Buttonbush, Pickerelweed, Spikerush, Spatterdock, Cordgrass and Softrush as well as Fragrant Water Lily in the deeper zones. Along the edes of the berms and on the various islands in the wetland many wetland tree and shrub species were planted, such as Bald Cypress, Buttonbush, Carolinsa Ash, Coco Plum, Dahoon Holly, Hackberry, Leather and Royal Fern, Loblolly and Sweet Bay, Red Cedar, Red Maple, Pond Apple, Pond and Slash Pine, Swamp Tupelo, and Wild Coffee.

Visitor Information

Approximately 60,000 visitors per year pass through the main entrance to the wetland system many drawn by the site's stunning abundance of waterfowl and wildlife such as those listed below. The site is easily traversed by its almost 4 miles of perimeter berm trails. Along these trails you may spot such critters as:

  • Bald Eagle
  • Great Blue Heron
  • Crested Caracara
  • Snowy Egret
  • Great Egret
  • Little Blue Heron
  • Green Heron
  • Blue-Winged Teal
  • Mottled Duck
  • Common Coot
  • Marsh Hen
 
  • American Alligator
  • Peninsula Cooter
  • Florida Cooter
  • Florida Red-Bellied Turtle
  • Smooth Softshell Turtle
  • Green Anole
  • Brown Anole
  • Southern Toad
  • Bullfrog
  • Pig Frog
 
  • Green Tree Frog
  • Squirrel Tree Frog
  • Southern Leopard Frog
  • River Otter
  • Virginia Opossom
  • Nine Banded Armadillo
  • Raccoon
  • White Tail Deer
  • Wild Hog
  • Marsh Rabbit

Location: 10001 Wickham Road - Melbourne, FL 32940
Hours: Monday through Sunday Sunrise to Sunset
For Wetlands Information Call: 321-637-5521
Driving Directions:
The Viera Wetlands are located approximately two miles west of the traffic circle at the intersection of Wickham Road and Lake Andrew Drive. Visitors traveling on I-95 should take Exit 191 heading west approximately 2.5 miles.


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Last updated: September 21, 2011

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