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This summary is provided to assist hazardous waste handlers in complying with federal and State of Florida
regulations. Most of the following regulations have been in effect since November 19, 1980. Florida has
adopted and incorporated portions of Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Parts 260-271 into its
Florida Administrative Code (FAC) Rule 62-730. In some instances, FAC 62-730 is more stringent than 40 CFR.
Hazardous wastes (HW) are wastes listed in 40 CFR 261 Subpart D as hazardous by the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA). Or they are wastes characterized in 40 CFR 261 Subpart C as hazardous by
exhibiting one of four characteristics: ignitability (i.e., an oxidizer or flash point < 140°),
corrosivity (i.e., pH < 2 or > 12.5), reactivity, or toxicity. A hazardous waste determination
must be made of any waste material generated (262.11). If the material is hazardous, then it must be
recycled, treated, stored, or disposed at a proper HW facility. HW cannot be disposed on or in the ground,
or in local landfills, septic tanks, or injection wells. Also, regardless of quantity, the generator of
HW is ultimately responsible for the waste from "cradle to grave", and can be held liable for
improper management of HW even though it may have been sent to a "proper" HW management facility
using a licensed transporter.
A copy of the federal hazardous waste regulations (40 CFR 260-268) can be obtained from public, college
or law libraries; EPA Region 4, Atlanta Federal Center, 61 Forsyth Street, S.W., Atlanta, Georgia
30303-3104 (404/562-8579); the U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402; or the U.S.
Government Printing Office, 100 West Bay Street, Suite 100, Jacksonville, Florida 32202 (904/353-0569).
Copies of FAC 62-730 may be obtained from the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP).
This handout is based on DEP's understanding of the HW regulations. It should be read in conjunction
with (and not as a substitute for) the federal and state HW regulations. This summary includes the
principal components of the HW regulations. Regulatory requirements may change because of changes in the
regulations, new interpretations or guidance from EPA or DEP, judicial rulings, etc.
Ultimately, it is the facility's responsibility to stay current with the HW regulations and be in
compliance with all applicable environmental regulations. Failure to meet the applicable rules may
subject facilities to more stringent standards. For example, small quantity generators (SQGs) dumping
HW illegally not only become subject to disposal facility standards but will also be subject to
enforcement actions. DEP has an agreement with EPA that mandates the assessment of penalties for violations
of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) requirements.
Many local governments have regulations and ordinances regarding the management of hazardous materials
and/or wastes. Please check with those agencies for information on local requirements. New regulations
may be adopted by EPA and become effective in Florida prior to adoption by DEP. In December, 1996
generators and permitted hazardous waste facilities became subject to new air emissions standards for
containers, tanks and recycling equipment. For information and copies of new regulations, call the
RCRA Hotline at 1-800-424-9346.
The federal regulations regarding the determination of hazardous wastes (40 CFR 261) were revised
effective September 25, 1990, to replace the Extraction Procedure Toxicity Characteristic (EP Toxic)
with the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP). Information about the TC final rule can
be obtained from the March 29, 1990, Federal Register (55 FR 11798 - 11877). Further information
regarding the TC Rule can be obtained from the RCRA/Superfund Hotline (1/800-424-9346).
LAND DISPOSAL RESTRICTIONS
On November 8, 1984, the President signed into law the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA)
to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). The amendments require the EPA to evaluate
all listed and characteristic hazardous wastes to determine which wastes should be restricted
from land disposal. These restrictions are called the Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR). As of
May 8, 1990, most hazardous wastes must be treated to meet these standards prior to disposal in
permitted hazardous waste landfills or surface impoundments. The LDR rule prohibits the dilution of
restricted wastes as a substitute for effective adequate treatment.
Before treating a HW or disposing of it off site, the generator must determine whether the waste is
subject to the LDR rules, what hazardous constituent levels are in the waste, and whether the waste
must be treated or already meets the applicable treatment standard or prohibition level upon generation.
Generators who treat hazardous waste on site in tanks or containers under 40 CFR 262.34 must develop
and follow a written waste analysis plan. The plan must be based on a detailed chemical and physical
analysis of the waste. Records must be kept documenting treatment. Listed hazardous wastes must still
be disposed of to a permitted hazardous waste landfill after treatment.
Effective August 11, 1997, EPA revised the 40 CFR 268 requirements for HW generators. For the initial
shipment of a waste shipped off site, the generator must notify treatment and disposal facilities of
the nature and hazardous constituents of each hazardous waste shipped. The written generator notice must
- The initial manifest document number and all applicable EPA hazardous waste number(s) and treatability
groups (See 40 CFR 268.40);
- A list of the hazardous constituents that must be treated;
- Waste analysis data (if available);
- A signed certification if the generator is claiming that his waste already meets the treatment
All notifications, certifications, and waste analysis data must be kept on-site for at least three (3)
years from the date the waste was last sent to on or off site treatment or disposal. The generator must
submit a new notice if the waste or the receiving facility changes.
The LDR rule provides for a few limited opportunities for delaying the effective date of prohibition,
for a treatability variance, or for gaining an exemption from the prohibitions. Contact the EPA for
additional details. This LDR explanation is a brief synopsis of a complex set of rules and regulations
and is not all inclusive. Contact the EPA or DEP or review 40 CFR 268 for detailed information.
Claims that hazardous waste is exempt from regulation because it came from one or more conditionally
exempt small quantity generators must be documented
In addition, generators must keep records of hazardous wastes generated that were subsequently managed
pursuant to an exclusion. This includes wastes that were generated, accumulated and then disposed of
in a waste water treatment pretreatment unit or unit subject to the Clean Water Act.
USED OIL REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL GENERATORS
40 CFR PART 279
- Used oil may only be stored in tanks or containers.
- Containers and tanks must be in good condition and not leaking.
- Containers and tanks must be labeled "Used Oil."
- Spills must be cleaned up, and contaminated materials disposed of properly.
- Oil filters may not be disposed of to landfills. They must be recycled by an oil filter processor
or municipal refuse incinerator
HAZARDOUS WASTE REQUIREMENTS
- Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generators
(CESQG) 40 CFR 261.5.
CESQG's generate less than 100 kilograms of HW per month and no more than 1 kilogram of acute HW
(such as some pesticides, toxins or arsenic and cyanide compounds) per month. Many wastes that
are recycled are included in this quantity determination.
- Perform HW determination (262.11).
- Cannot accumulate > 1000 kg at any time.
- Ensure delivery of HW to a proper recycling facility or TSDF.
- Keep records documenting proper disposal (FAC 62-730).
- Small Quantity Generators
(SQG) 40 CFR 262.
SQG's generate 100 - 1000 kilograms of HW per month. Many wastes that are recycled are included
in this quantity determination.
- Obtain a DEP/EPA ID Number (262.12) (phone 850/245-8707)
- Use manifest system (unless there is a reclamation agreement pursuant to 262.20(e)), and
ship only to a permitted facility (262, Subpart B).
- Never exceed the 6000 kg accumulation/180 day storage time limit.
- Emergency Planning:
- Have at least one employee or a designee with authority as Emergency Coordinator (EC)
on 24-hour call.
- Next to the telephone, post:
- the EC name and phone number;
- fire department's number;
- location of fire extinguishers; spill control equipment/material, and fire alarm (if any).
- Follow emergency procedures in 262.34(d)(5), including taking necessary steps to address spills
and fires, and notifying the National Response Center (24-hour number: 800/424-8802) and the State
Warning Point (850/413-9911).
- Upon request, the DEP will provide contingency plan guidance if the facility wishes to develop
a more comprehensive emergency plan than required of SQGs.
- Training of personnel regarding proper HW handling and emergency response [262.34(d)(5)(iii)].
- Keep records (262.44), including manifests, test results, etc., a minimum of three (3) years.
- If tanks are used for management of HW, meet the tank requirements of 265.201. This includes daily
and weekly inspections, required maintenance, spill response and closure standards.
- Meet the following requirements under III -- LQG Requirements, below: Items 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 12 to
15, 17, and 22.
- If a SQG fails to meet applicable requirements, the full generator standards (and possibly TSDF
standards) may apply.
- Large Quantity Generators
(LQG) 40 CFR 262.
LQG's generate 1000 kilograms or more of HW per month or more than 1 kilogram of acute HW (such as some
pesticides, toxins or arsenic and cyanide compounds) per month. Many wastes that are recycled are
included in this quantity determination.
- Perform HW determination (262.11), including LDR waste analyses (268.7).
- Obtain a DEP/EPA ID number (262.12) (phone 850/245-8707)
- Use manifest system, and ship to a permitted facility (262, Subpart B). State rules require the
generator to complete areas D, F, H, I, K, O, Q, R and T on the form in addition to the other requirements.
- Meet pre-transport requirements for packaging, labeling, marking and placarding (262 Subpart C).
- Meet satellite accumulation rules (262.34(c)). Close and label these containers.
- Label containers and tanks with the words "Hazardous Waste" and label containers with
accumulation start dates (262.34(a)).
- Do not store HW > 90 days (262.34(b)).
- Keep all records (262 Subpart D) for at least three (3) years (including manifests, test data,
biennial reports, etc.).
- File a biennial report for HW shipped off site
- File exception report for late or missing manifests from the designated facility (262.42).
- Meet personnel training requirements, including documentation of training (265.16).
- Maintain and operate the facility in a clean, safe manner (265.31).
- Emergency equipment (265.32).
- telephone or hand-held two-way radio;
- internal communication or alarm system;
- fire and spill control equipment (e.g. fire extinguishers, hoses, sprinklers, etc.);
- neutralizing agents, spill adsorbents, overpack drums, standby 55-gallon drums, etc.;
- test and maintain the emergency equipment (265.33).
- Maintain adequate aisle space for evacuation, inspecting drums, etc. (e.g. no less
than three (3) feet) (265.35).
- Attempt to make arrangements with local fire and police departments, hospitals, and emergency
response contractors/equipment suppliers, with regards to emergency arrangements, hazards of
materials handled, layout of facility, etc. (265.37).
- Have a contingency plan meeting the requirements of 265 Subpart D. Upon request, DEP will
provide contingency plan guidance. Emergencies that require implementation of the contingency
plan must be reported to DEP. Updated contingency plans must be distributed when facility
conditions or emergency coordinators change.
- Containers (e.g. drums, cans, etc.) must be kept closed and in good condition, inspected at
least weekly, be compatible with the HW stored, and separated from other incompatible wastes
(e.g. keep cyanides away from acids) (265 Subpart I). Records must be kept of these inspections
- Ignitable or reactive HW must be stored at least fifty (50) feet from the facility's boundary
line (265 Subpart I).
- Tanks must meet the requirements of 265 Subpart J (structural integrity; containment and
detection of releases; inspections; response to leaks or spills; operating requirements;
closure and post-closure care; special requirements for ignitable, reactive and/or incompatible
wastes; waste analysis and trial tests).
- Special cautions (including "no smoking" signs) are required for ignitable or
reactive wastes (265.17).
- Security (e.g. a locked fence) and bermed containment areas (with roof and impermeable floor)
for HW storage areas are strongly recommended.
- A Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) Certification or Notification must accompany the initial
manifest for a restricted waste. Generators who treat waste to meet land disposal restrictions
must submit a waste analysis plan to DEP (268.7).
- Meet applicable air emission standards under 40 CFR 265 Subparts AA, BB and CC.
HAZARDOUS WASTE MAY NEVER BE DISPOSED OF IN SEPTIC TANKS OR ON THE GROUND AT FACILITIES THAT
DO NOT HAVE HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMITS.
HAZARDOUS WASTE MAY ONLY BE BURNED IN PERMITTED HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATORS. DO NOT DISPOSE OF
HAZARDOUS WASTE BY EVAPORATION.
- TRANSPORTERS (40 CFR 263) (FAC 62-730).
- Obtain ID number (263.11) (phone 850/245-8707)
- Use manifest system (263 Subpart B).
- Ability to clean up hazardous waste discharges during transportation-related incidents (263 Subpart C).
- Provide annual documentation of financial responsibility
- Submit annual status update to DEP (FAC 62-730.170).
- Transporters storing waste > 24 hours at a transfer facility must notify DEP and meet many TSDF requirements
including containment, operating record, contingency plan, training, security, and closure.
- All transfer facilities operated in the state must have a unique ID number
- Transfer facilities must submit closure plan and contingency plan to DEP
- Transfer facilities must maintain a written record of when all hazardous waste enters and leaves the facility
- TREATMENT, STORAGE AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES (TSD) (40 CFR 264 or 265).
- Obtain a DEP/EPA ID number (264.11)
- Obtain a HW permit unless exempt (e.g. wastewater treatment units, elementary neutralization, etc.)
and comply with permit conditions. Facilities receiving HW from off-site (including some recycling
facilities) may be subject to TSDF requirements.
- Must meet applicable generator standards (III, above).
- Comply with general facility standards, including waste analyses, security, inspections,
and personnel training (264 Subpart B).
- Maintain emergency equipment, adequate aisle space, and make arrangements with local
authorities (264 Subpart C).
- Have a contingency plan meeting the requirements of 264 Subpart D.
- Use manifest system and comply with recordkeeping requirements (264 Subpart E).
- Comply with groundwater monitoring requirements (264 Subpart F).
- Comply with closure and post-closure requirements (264 Subpart G).
- Maintain financial assurance for closure, post closure (if applicable) and liability (264 Subpart H).
- Comply with container management standards (264 Subpart I).
- Comply with tank management standards (264 Subpart J).
- Comply with additional requirements for individual units such as surface impoundments,
waste piles, containment buildings, incinerators, drip pads, etc. (264 Subpart K - 264 Subpart DD).
- Meet applicable air emission standards (264 Subparts AA, BB, and CC, Subpart CC effective December 1996).
- Meet applicable LDR requirements for treatment facilities, or as generators for wastes
sent off site for further treatment (Part 268).
- MANIFEST FORMS
Title 40 CFR Part 262 Subpart B requires the use of the Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest
(EPA Form 8700-22 and 8700-22a) for hazardous waste shipments. Florida adopted 40 CFR 262
Subpart B by reference in
Obtaining Manifest Forms
Florida does not supply manifests, but does supply a list of vendors from which copies of the
manifest may be obtained. Copies may also be available from hazardous waste transporters or
hazardous waste management facilities.
40 CFR 262.22 requires the manifest to consist of a copy for:
- the generator;
- each transporter;
- the owner/operator of the designated facility; and
- a signed copy to be returned to the generator by the designated facility.
For regular shipments of hazardous waste, Florida does not require the submission
of a manifest copy to DEP. However, manifests must be retained for three (3) years and are reviewed
as part of hazardous waste compliance inspections conducted by DEP.
When hazardous wastes are shipped under an emergency EPA/DEP identification number,
as defined in
the generator must send a legible copy of all signed and returned manifests to DEP within 45 days
of the last shipment.
The owner/operator of a designated facility must submit to DEP any manifests for
which a significant discrepancy is discovered, as defined in 40 CFR 264.72 and 40 CFR 265.72,
if the discrepancy is not resolved within 15 days.
A large quantity generator must submit a legible copy of a manifest to DEP
if he has not received a copy of the signed manifest from the designated facility within 45 days
of shipment. A small quantity generator must submit a legible copy of a manifest to DEP if the
signed manifest is not received from the designated facility within 60 days of shipment.
Completing the Manifest
Florida requires the completion of the following sections of the manifest in addition to those
required by federal regulations in accordance with Appendix I of 40 CFR 262. Waste codes are
listed in 40 CFR 261 Subparts C and D.
- Items 1 - 16
- D and F - Transporter phone numbers
- H - Facility phone number
- I - Waste codes for each waste stream
- K - Handling codes for wastes
- Items 21-32
- O and Q - Transporter phone numbers
- R - Waste codes for each waste stream
- Handling codes for wastes