Where can I
obtain a wetland permit application?
What rules are
used in determining whether there are wetlands on my property?
purposes, the boundaries of a wetland are determined by looking for
indicators that show the influence of water. Some of the
indicators are wetland plants, hydric or wetland soils and
hydrological indicators. Any two of these three indicators can
be used to determine the presence of a wetland. Using these
indicators, a line, known as a wetland delineation, can be drawn
between wetlands and uplands. Instructions for determining
wetland boundaries are found in
Section 62-340.300 of the Florida Administrative Code (F.A.C.).
Florida's wetland definition and method of delineating wetlands are
used by all state agencies in Florida. The FDEP recommends
that a property owner hire an environmental consultant to "walk" the
property and identify the boundaries of wetlands. The
consultant should prepare a survey or sketch identifying the
locations and sizes of the wetlands located on the property.
How can I find
out if there are wetlands on my property?
The FDEP can,
if a request is made by a lot owner, do a formal jurisdictional
determination (cost associated, but legally binding) or an informal
jurisdiction (lower cost than formal jurisdictional determination, but not legally binding and dependent upon
staff availability) to determine which portions of a lot are
wetlands. It is important to point out that other government
agencies, such as the United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE),
use slightly different definitions of wetlands, which may result in
minor deviations of the wetland delineation. For the most part, the agencies
try to work together on this issue to reduce the frustrations for
the applicant. Potential lot purchasers are encouraged to work
with the lot owner to go through this process on their behalf or to
contact an environmental consultant prior to purchase in order to
obtain a wetland delineation.
When do I need
to do mitigation?
What can I do
to mitigate or offset the wetland impacts from my proposed project?
Preservation of the remaining undisturbed or un-impacted
wetlands through a conservation easement (deed restriction
prohibiting any dredging or filling within this area)
Enhancement or restoration of existing wetlands through exotic
removal, hydrologic improvements or planting of native wetland
of a new wetland by scraping down an upland and planting native
Enhancement, restoration or creation of wetlands owned or
controlled by the applicant or local government
with a city or county to enhance, restore or create wetlands
on public property
Purchase additional land to perform some enhancement,
restoration, preservation or creation of wetlands
Purchase credits from a mitigation bank that services the
Why does the
FDEP protect wetlands?
years, people thought of wetlands as soggy, useless land.
People believed it was better to drain wetlands so crops could be
grown, or filled so people could build on the land. Wetlands
even seemed to be a great spot to use as a garbage dump because it
was easy to dump and fill. Now, people are trying to save and
protect wetlands because we understand why they are important.
animals depend on wetlands for some part of their life
Wetland plants are productive and support a rich web of
life, from simple molds to mammals.
Wetlands provide food and shelter for fish, birds and other
Wetlands provide flood control by soaking up rainwater.
Wetlands make the water clearer and filter out things that
degrade water quality, such as chemical pollution.
Wetlands help filter and retain stormwater runoff.
wetlands provide a recreational element for people (fishing,
hunting, air boating, kayaking, canoeing, boating and bird