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Northeast District - Waste Management Programs

Hazardous Waste Section

All generators of waste are required by law to identify and evaluate their waste.  The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), in Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 261, contains lists specifying wastes that are regulated and characteristics for identifying non-listed hazardous waste.

Hazardous waste can be generated in several different ways.  Hazardous waste can be products containing hazardous materials that are damaged during shipment, discontinued supplies, products having an expired shelf life, discarded paints, spent solvents, waste degreasers, cleaning compounds or by-products of chemical processes.

Hazardous waste is regulated by the federal government and can be found in Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulation (CFR), Parts 260 to 271. The State of Florida has adopted by reference portions of the federal regulations into its Florida Administrative Code (FAC) Rule 62-730.

Ensuring that hazardous wastes are handled in accordance with Federal and State rules and laws is the responsibility of the Compliance and Enforcement Sub-Section of the DEP. This group interacts with the public and with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) branch of the Federal EPA to develop policies and guidance, to provide compliance assistance to the public and the regulated community, and to enforce the laws regulating the handling of hazardous waste.

Training Powerpoints

Hazardous Waste Identification

Universal Waste Standards

LQG Generator Standards

Used Oil Standards

Universal Pharmaceutical Waste

Land Disposal Restrictions

Top 10 Violations

Combined Universal Waste

Solvent Wipes Rule

Frequently Asked Questions


Question:  
Are my wastes specifically listed as hazardous waste?

40 CFR 261.31 thru 40 CFR 261.33 identifies certain wastes that the United States Environmental Protection Agency has listed as hazardous.  These wastes come from non-specific and specific sources or are discarded commercial chemical products, off-spec commercial chemical products, container residues, or spill residues thereof.  Please see the hazardous waste identification page for a list of examples and further discussion.

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Question:  
Does my waste exhibit a hazardous characteristic?

Your wastes may not be a listed hazardous waste but may be identified as one if it exhibits any of the four characteristics of a hazardous waste.

  1. Ignitability: The waste material must have a flashpoint of less than 140o F and/or be an aqueous solution with an alcohol content of greater than or equal to 24% percent.  Examples are solvents, , waste paints, paint thinners and oxidizers.  The hazardous waste number is D001.

  2. Corrosivity: The waste material must be a liquid and have a pH of less than 2.0 or greater than 12.5.  Examples are acids and caustics.  The hazardous waste number is D002.

  3. Reactivity: The waste material is reactive to water, shock, heat, pressure and undergoes a rapid or violent chemical reaction.  Some examples are perchlorates, peroxides and cyanides.  The hazardous waste number is D003.

  4. Toxicity Characteristic: This category includes eight heavy metals and thirty-one organic chemicals including ten pesticides.  These have assigned numbers from D004 to D043.  Waste in this category need only contain very small amounts of arsenic, lead, mercury or one of the other heavy metals, or organics such as benzene, trichloroethylene, perchloroethylene, vinyl chloride, methyl ethyl ketone, or one of the ten pesticides.

Please see the hazardous waste identification page for a list of examples and further discussion.

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Question:  
There are so many regulations, which apply to me?

The amount of all hazardous waste generated and/or accumulated at your place of business will determine what regulations apply to you.  First, you must determine what category of hazardous waste generation you fit into.

  1. Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG): A CESQG generates no more than 100 kilograms (220 lbs) of hazardous waste in one month or no more than 1 kilogram (2.2 lbs) of an acute hazardous waste (i.e. P-listed hazardous waste such as arsenic and cyanide compounds) in one month.  As a CESQG, you can not accumulate more than 1,000 kilograms (2,200 lbs) of hazardous waste at any time.

  2. Small Quantity Generator (SQG): A SQG generates more than 100 kilograms (220 lbs) but less than 1,000 kilograms (2,200 lbs) of hazardous waste in one month.  As a SQG, you can not accumulate more than 6,000 kilograms (13,200 lbs) of hazardous waste at any time.

  3. Large Quantity Generator (LQG): A LQG generates more than 1,000 kilograms (2,200 lbs) of hazardous waste in one month or greater than 1 kilogram (2.2 lbs) of an acute hazardous waste (i.e. P-listed hazardous waste such as arsenic and cyanide compounds) in one month.

For general information regarding regulations that apply to each of these categories, please see the online summary of hazardous waste regulations

The Florida Department of Environmental Protection also publishes brochures that are industry specific (i.e. Drycleaners, Automobile Repair Shops and many others). These brochures are good source of information for proper management of wastes that are generated by your facility.

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Question:
Okay, my facility generates hazardous waste.
What do I do with it?

All hazardous waste must be properly containerized as soon as it is generated. For disposal, your facility must ensure delivery of the hazardous waste to a permitted treatment, storage or disposal facility. Contact your district office for a list of permitted treatment, storage or disposal facilities.

Hazardous wastes must be handled in ways that prevent them from reaching the environment. They need to be kept out of the soil, ground water, surface water and air. Exposure to them can cause adverse health effects. In Florida, because of our shallow aquifers, even small amounts of hazardous waste can seep into the groundwater and contaminate our drinking water supply.

To show how serious Florida regards the improper disposal of hazardous waste, state statutes allow assessment of penalties ranging up to $50,000 per day per violation.

Hazardous waste cannot be:

  • evaporated;
  • discharged to the sewer system (or septic tank); or
  • discharged to soil or water

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Hazardous Waste Personnel:

  • Hazardous Waste Contact:  Vicky Valade (904) 256-1669

Complaints:

Call in Complaints about hazardous waste dumping, used oil dumping, illegal disposal of hazardous waste and other violations to Deneen Benefield, (904) 256-1677.

Please include or have ready exact information, such as the facility name, facility owner's name, property owner's name, the address of the facility and the environmental problem when calling in or emailing the complaint.

For more information on hazardous waste, please visit the Bureau of Solid and Hazardous Waste page pertaining to Hazardous Waste.

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Last updated: January 29, 2014
  FDEP - Northeast District - Contact

8800 Baymeadows Way West, Suite 100, Jacksonville, Florida 32256   904-256-1700 (phone) / 904-256-1588 (fax)
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