Northeast Florida has experienced a long interaction between humans and nature. The region is of special
interest because of the comprehensive documentary record of human settlement and landscape modification
beginning at an early date. The detailed records of the Native American, Spanish, French, British and
American inhabitants indicate that these cultures adapted in very different ways. Burning, clear-cutting,
plowing, dredging, filling, ditching and drainage are all evident throughout the historical record.
There are currently 61 recorded archaeological sites within the boundaries directly managed by GTM Research
Reserve, including a burial mound, numerous shell middens, a Spanish mission and homestead sites.
Major prehistoric and historic sites include:
- Shell Bluff Landing
- Guana River Shell Ring
- Guana River Site
- Sanchez Mound
- Little Orange Site
- Summer Haven Site
- Faver-Dykes State Park
- Washington Oaks Gardens State Park
- Princess Place Preserve
- Matanzas Inlet
Although likely to be significant, much less is known about underwater archaeological resources. GTM
Research Reserve has cosponsored symposia on underwater archaeology to bring together experts in this field
and promote collaboration and educational initiatives within GTM Research Reserve.
Cultural resources of the northern component excluding sites with known Native American artifacts