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Archaeological Resources of Biscayne Bay Aquatic Preserves Quick Links

Pre-historic settlements along the shores of Biscayne Bay were established by the Tequesta Native American tribe of the Glades and Archaic cultures. Middens of rock or shell, burials, and other sites have been found along the Miami River and Biscayne Bay's shore. The Tequesta lived along the mouth of streams, inlets, and coastal beaches on both sides of Biscayne Bay, utilizing dugout canoes to access the bay and the Atlantic Ocean. The Tequesta ate numerous aquatic species which included marine turtles, sharks, sailfish, stingrays, manatees, and dolphins. The Miami Circle is the most significant site that documents the Tequesta and contains limestone rocks, black midden, soil, animal bones, marine shells, and some artifacts. The circle is believed to be part of a settlement that covered both shores of the Miami River's outlet to Biscayne Bay. On February 5, 2002, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places then declared a National Historic Landmark on January 16, 2009.

The Miami Circle, an archaelogical site

The Miami Circle was unearthed by archaeologists during a pre-construction survey.

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Last updated: June 27, 2014

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