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The program in Florida for mercury-containing lamps and devices came about as the result of the Solid Waste Amendments of 1993, from which Section 403.7186, F.S was promulgated. At the beginning, guidance was issued by the Department for the management of mercury-containing lamps going to mercury recycling facilities. On May 10, 1995, rules were promulgated under Chapter 62-737, F.A.C. (pdf) for the management of lamps and devices and the permitting of mercury recovery and reclamation facilities in Florida. These rules were later amended on May 20, 1998, so that they would be in synchrony with the US EPA's Universal Waste Rule (UWR).

Example of crushing and sorting equipment used in lamp recycling.
Photo: An example of crushing and separation equipment used in the first step of the lamp recycling process. Note that the equipment is enclosed and operates under negative air pressure with the process air routed through redundant carbon filters to remove mercury vapor.

Three mercury recovery/reclamation facilities (pdf), one of which also has mercury reclamation capabilities, have been permitted under Chapter 62-737, F.A.C.

The UWR framework provides incentives for generators of lamps and devices to manage these wastes under Chapter 62-737, F.A.C., for recycling as opposed to their management as hazardous wastes under RCRA through disposal. Only transporters and other non-generator handlers are required to register with the Department unless they are solely participating in a reverse distribution program as described below. A lamp and device handler facility, including a generator, needing to accumulate 5,000 kilograms (kg) or more of all universal wastes (including hazardous waste batteries, etc.) must also notify and receive an EPA/DEP ID number before accumulating such quantities, if it does not already have one per the large quantity handler requirements under the Universal Waste Rule . Other requirements (see 62-737.400(3)(a)3.), including a $1,000 registration fee, apply to non-generator handler facilities and to transporter transfer facilities storing lamps or MCDs off the transport vehicle, if either accumulates 2,000 kg or more of lamps or 100 kg of devices at any one time. There is also an exemption from registration for transporters (see 62-737.400(3)(a)1.) collecting lamps from generators of ten or less lamps per month provided the transporter does not accumulate more than 400 lamps at any one time. The Department maintains a list of registered handlers of mercury containing lamps and devices.

Finally, the issue of properly managing light ballasts has come up as a result of the regulation on lamps. In Florida any PCB wastes containing greater than 50 parts per million of PCBs is prohibited from disposal at MSW disposal facilities per Rule 62-701.300(5), F.A.C. (pdf). The management of PCB-containing and other light ballasts is further addressed on the second page of the fact sheet for Managing Spent Fluorescent and High Intensity Discharge (HID) Lamps (pdf). The EPA gives guidance on the management of lighting ballasts in the LIGHTING WASTE DISPOSAL - Lighting Upgrade Manual.

Last updated: February 07, 2014

Permitting and Compliance Assistance Program #850-245-8707 MS #4550

 

Division of Waste Management #850-245-8705 MS #4500
2600 Blair Stone Road, Tallahassee, Florida 32399-2400

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